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Men and women.. How does diabetes affect sexual life?


Men and women.. How does diabetes affect sexual life?

Before we talk about diabetes  and  sex ,  we quickly point out that diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, or when the body is unable to effectively use the insulin it produces.

Unfortunately, diabetes can affect people of any age, race, or gender, and it can affect people with any lifestyle.
Before we get into the heart of diabetes and sex, we mention some important things for men and women with diabetes.

Symptoms of diabetes in women and men

Both men and women may experience the following symptoms of diabetes, which are common to both sexes:

Increased thirst and hunger
frequent urination
Weight loss   or gain for no apparent reason
Fatigue and nausea
Blurred vision
Wounds that heal slowly
skin infections
Patches of darker skin in areas of the body that have  wrinkles
Breath that has a sweet, fruity, or acetone-like odor.
Decreased feeling in the hands or feet
Note:  It is important to know that many people with type 2 diabetes do not have all of these symptoms together.

Symptoms of diabetes in women

Many research results have shown that the effect of diabetes on women may differ from that of men, for the following reasons:

Women more often have different types of  heart disease  than men.
Hormones and inflammation work differently in women.
Effect of diabetes on gender in women

1- Vaginal fungi, oral fungi and thrush,

 These infections are common in women, and when an infection develops in the  vaginal area , these symptoms appear:

Itching, pain in the vagina, vaginal discharge, pain during  sexual intercourse .

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Oral thrush often causes a white coating on the tongue and inside the mouth, due to high levels of glucose ( sugar ) in the blood that trigger the fungus to grow.

2-   Urinary tract infections

The risk of developing a urinary tract infection (UTI) is higher in women with diabetes. A urinary tract infection develops when bacteria enter the urinary tract. These infections can cause painful urination, a burning feeling, and bloody or dark urine.

Note: There is a risk of kidney infection if these symptoms are not treated .
Urinary tract infections are common in women with diabetes, mostly because the immune system is compromised by high blood sugar.

3-  Impotence and diabetes in women

Diabetic neuropathy occurs when high blood sugar damages nerve fibers. This can lead to tingling and loss of feeling in different parts of the body, including:

hands, feet, and legs, and this condition may also affect the sensation of the vaginal area; Hence, it reduces the  sex drive  or  libido of the woman .

4-   Polycystic ovarian syndrome

This disorder occurs when you produce more male hormones; Which leads to  polycystic ovary syndrome . Signs of polycystic ovary syndrome include:  Irregular



young love



PCOS may also cause a form of insulin resistance, which results in high blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of diabetes in men

Some men experience retrograde ejaculation due to diabetes

1-  Erectile dysfunction :  Unfortunately, there is a relationship between ED and diabetes in men, as 75% of men with diabetes suffer from difficulties in achieving or maintaining an erection, due to damage to nerves and blood vessels that play an important role in the erection process.

2-  Men may be exposed to repeated cases of genital thrush, which is a fungal infection that appears due to the presence of excess sugar in the urine.

Symptoms of genital thrush in men include :

Redness, swelling, and itching around the head of the penis. White color may appear on the skin of the penis, unpleasant odor, and discomfort when  having sex .

3-  Diabetes and sex: retrograde ejaculation
 Men with diabetes can also experience retrograde ejaculation. This causes some semen to be released into the bladder.

 4-  Muscle mass. Persistently high blood sugar levels may cause the body to break down muscle and fat for energy.

Diabetes and sex 

Sugar is what works to bring out the sex hormones in the required balance

Both men and women with diabetes are more likely to have sexual problems than people without the disease.

It is important to know that if you have high blood sugar for a long time, this will cause you sexual problems. These problems are often referred to as impotence.
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Why does diabetes affect sex?

The biggest culprit that constantly throws sex hormones out of balance is sugar in all its forms, sugar that spikes insulin. Once you understand how insulin affects other hormones, you start connecting the dots about how excessive sugar can ruin your sex life.

People with diabetes, both men and women, often feel tired. They may also have a range of health concerns, due to complications, and may invest significant time in managing their health. These factors may affect and reduce  sexual desire .

Diabetes and sexuality in men

Diabetic men with erectile dysfunction

1-  Studies show that men with diabetes often suffer from low testosterone levels, which may affect motivation and lower libido .

2- The main sexual health  problem  affecting men with diabetes is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection, known as erectile dysfunction. For a man to achieve an erection, there must be significant blood flow to the penis.

However, diabetes damages blood vessels, which can affect blood flow to the penis.

There are two causes of erectile dysfunction in men with diabetes: cardiovascular complications (atherosclerosis) and nerve damage (neuropathy). Diabetes accelerates the blockage of the arteries, which reduces the blood flow resulting from an erection to  the penis . Neuropathy damages the nerves that supply erections.

3-  Diabetes can also lead to nerve damage and make it more difficult to maintain an erection.

4-  Type 2 diabetes often occurs along with obesity or  being  overweight, and this can also increase the risk of impotence.

Diabetes and sexuality in women

Due to diabetes, women lose their sense of excitement and pleasure in sexual relations

High blood sugar levels can cause nerve damage throughout the body in women. This can affect:

1-  Inability to be aroused and stimulated

2- Vaginal  dryness 

These changes may lead to pain during sex.

3-  During menopause  , a woman with diabetes may experience a sudden drop in blood sugar levels. This may affect her sexual health, as she may experience symptoms of low blood sugar during sex. This may make sex seem more uncomfortable.

4-  In addition, women with diabetes are more likely to develop infections, such as thrush, cystitis, and urinary tract infections. These can all affect your ability to have sex or enjoy it.

Common Mistakes About Diabetes and Sex

1-  Is diabetes contagious through sexual contact?

Diabetes is a non-communicable disease, and it is not transmitted from one person to another, and therefore it is not contagious through sexual contact.

2-  Is it possible to practice oral sex with a diabetic patient?

Yes, unless he has a bacterial or fungal infection in the mouth.

3-  Erectile dysfunction in a man with diabetes cannot be cured?

Wrong.. Impotence in the case of a diabetic patient can be treated medicinally, and once the high  sugar level is controlled  , the matter returns to normal.

How to treat a diabetic patient with common sexual problems

Living a healthy lifestyle is an important way for men and women with diabetes to enhance their general health, as well as their sexual health. Here are some tips to improve the lifestyle with diabetes and reduce the vulnerability of  sex  to diabetes:

1-  Ask if there is anything you can do to better manage your diabetes. Improving blood sugar levels can help prevent nerve and blood vessel damage that can lead to erectile dysfunction. You will also feel an overall improvement and improve your quality of life. Ask your doctor if you are taking the right steps to manage your diabetes.

2-  Ask about other health problems. It is common for men with diabetes to develop other chronic diseases that can cause or worsen erectile dysfunction. Work with your doctor to make sure you don't have any other health problems.

3-  Staying away from anxiety and stress, taking care of the self-esteem of a diabetic and trying to understand the psychological pressures he feels.

4-  In some cases, ED drugs can be used according to the doctor’s prescription, with confirmation that they are used only under direct medical supervision.

5-  For women: Use special medical moisturizers for vaginal dryness, as vaginal dryness is one of the main reasons that affect women and make them refuse to have sex, and at that time they need treatments prescribed by the doctor, so that they do not feel pain during sex.

6-  Eat a healthy diet that contains very little sugar, exercise  regularly, and maintain a healthy weight.

Unfortunately, diabetes and sex are linked to each other, but by following your doctor's instructions and adhering to some of these tips, you will be able to deal with these symptoms and prevent them from spoiling your sexual pleasure.